Virtual reality improves brain surgery

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The surgical theater looks like the ultimate video game, possibly because the gaming industry’s multi-billion dollar investment in the technology helped make it happen. Brain surgeons at UCLA are using virtual reality to make operations infinitely more precise and less time-consuming.  
Lucas Deines is grateful he can play cards with his kids, Kai and Jamie today. Two years ago, doctors found a one-inch tumor in his brain. 
Lucas said, “I had no idea what to expect. I was scared to death. I thought the worst. I started googling it, which just reinforced the worst.” 
Neil Martin, M.D., the chairman of the department of neurosurgery at UCLA in Los Angeles, used surgical theater virtual reality to map Lucas’s tumor. It took 2D images from MRIs and CT scans to create a 3D reconstruction of the inside of Lucas’s head. 
“As somebody who’s done about 5,000 operations, there’s no question in my mind this is tremendously useful and improves the quality and efficiency of the surgery that I’m doing,” said Dr. Martin.
Dr. Martin virtually toured Lucas’s brain before surgery with hand controllers and a headset. He saw the tumor was wrapped around the carotid artery. 
Dr. Martin said, “It’s extremely helpful. To explore it in three dimensions is almost like walking around it, so that you can see the angles, the proximity, the relationship between normal structures and the abnormality.” 
Someday, Dr. Martin sees medical residents perfecting virtual reality surgeries before ever getting into an operating room. 
Surgeons are using the surgical theater system at UCLA, Stanford, NYU, the Mayo Clinic, Mount Sinai and Case Western.

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