Many of the genes have also been associated with other neuro-psychiatric disorders including cocaine addiction, Parkinson's disease, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and anxiety.
Researchers say links between diseases such as alcoholism and bipolar disorder have been known clinically for years.
"As alcoholism is a disease that does not exist if the exogenous agent (alcohol) Is not consumed, the use of genetic information to inform lifestyle choices could be quite powerful," the authors wrote in the paper, published online in the journal Translational Psychiatry.
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