New research shows a toxin from foodborne bacteria may cause multiple sclerosis. The study at Weill Cornell Medical College found environmental factors can trigger the disease in patients who are genetically susceptible.
Researchers say the epsilon toxin is produced by a bacterium, that is one of the most common causes of foodborne illness in the United States It's believed the toxin kills the brain's myelin producing cells, which protect nerve cells.
According to Lead Researcher Jennifer Linden, "these findings are important, because if it can be confirmed that epsilon toxin is indeed a trigger of MS, development of a neutralizing antibody or vaccine directed against epsilon toxin might stop the progression of the disease or prevent it from even developing."
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